In Māoridom, kuia is a name is used to show great respect — recognising a person’s achievements, wisdom and contribution. There are many cases where it would not be appropriate to copy or use a Māori cultural element, especially a traditional one. Even commonplace Māori words and designs should be treated with care. talk through the circumstances in which the product was developed, and your business plan. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. A person, object, or place could be made sacred by tapu for a certain time. A visitor who has never set foot on a marae is known as waewae tapu or sacred feet. The ‘footprint’ of iwi and hapū life and culture since the first arrivals in Aotearoa some 800 years ago, it is substantial and touches all parts of our country. Below are some traditional Māori icons and their meanings. The relationship between people and all living things is characterised by a shared origin of life principle referred to as mauri. This could also work against the need to keep the intellectual property confidential until it has been protected. Not only were the houses of people of high rank perceived to be tapu, but also their possessions including their clothing. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. Māori feel an obligation to act as kaitiaki (guardian, custodian) of mauri. Menstruating women were kept away from common areas because of their tapu state – contact with materials essential to society was seen as insulting the atua (gods). In Hawaii, a similar concept is known as "kapu".[5]. © Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. Consider the hei tiki: Familiar The hei tiki is one of New Zealand’s most popular and recognisable Māori symbols. Full of meaning and symbolism, traditional Māori art and design form an important part of Māori identity and culture. Kia Ora! Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. In earlier times food cooked for a person of high rank was tapu, and could not be eaten by an inferior. The toki is a stylised adze that represents strength, control and determination. N1 Glossary of Māori terms Tapu Having restrictions, sacred. Māori artists often dedicate themselves to studying a specific art form. It is also said to be a good luck charm for those journeying over water. Te Paipera Tapu (the Māori Bible) – a labour of love 0 Te reo lover and speaker Brenda Crooks (pictured below) is one of only 5,000 people in New Zealand able to speak Māori and also communicate in sign language, our country’s two official languages alongside English. Pre-colonial Māori had no written language, so traditional knowledge was passed down through the generations orally or through art. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in some cases, not even approached. Tena koe! The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. Things or places which are tapu must be left alone, and may not be approached or interfered with. Richard Wolfe, Reed Methuen, 1987. Traditional knowledge is a living body of knowledge, typically passed from generation to generation, that may be linked to cultural identity. Home; Random; Nearby; Log in; Settings; About Wikipedia; Disclaimers Each shape, colour and material was carefully selected for its cultural or spiritual meaning. The English word "taboo" derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. Certain restrictions, disciplines and commitments have to take place if mana is to be expressed in physical form, such as in a person or object. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. It is New Zealand’s earliest heritage. Whakanoa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘extensions of tapu’. Noa also has the concept of a blessing in that it can lift the rules and restrictions of tapu. People, places, events and objects can be Tapu and should not be interfered with. The Māori language is pretty integral to what we do here at Tamaki Māori Village – this is the way our people spoke before the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. The pikorua symbolises the joining together of two people or spirits. There are two kinds of tapu, the private (relating to individuals) and the public tapu (relating to communities). For example, alcohol, tobacco, genetic technologies, gaming and gambling all have the potential to devalue Māori people, culture and values. Tapu[1][2][3] or tabu[4] is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Māori attribute physical, economic, social, cultural, historic, and/or spiritual significance to certain words, expressions, performances, images, places, and things. The manaia depicts a spiritual guardian. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in … This can be raised as an objection against your New Zealand trade mark or design application, and may impact market sales. Māori heritage is central to New Zealand’s unique identity. The country is going through a real revival of Te Reo these days. Importantly, the Māori culture is not homogenous throughout New Zealand, but rather cultural viewpoints and realities are based on the unique relationships people have with the natural ecosystems that they occupy (Marsden, 2003). Using hei tiki for particular products or services may be offensive to Māori. For example, an urupā (graveyard) might be considered sacred, as may be a Whare Karakia (Church); both could certainly be described as tapu. The term "taboo" comes from the Tongan tapu or Fijian tabu ("prohibited", "disallowed", "forbidden"), related among others to the Maori tapu and Hawaiian kapu. Māori culture. It has numerous meanings and references. Intrinsic, or primary, tapu are those things which are tapu in themselves. However, sometimes there’s another layer of meaning or understanding that needs to be considered. For example, mountains that were important to particular tribal groups were often tapu, and the activities that took place on these mountains were restricted. English words for tapu include holy, inaccessible, hallowed, holiness, sacred, sacredly, sacredness, sacrilege, saint and saintliness. In a teaching and learning context, it is common for Māori to share food as a means of welcoming people, celebrating success, or building rapport. This can be removed with water, or food and karakia. Tapu controlled how people behaved towards each other and the environment. The koru depicts an unfolding fern frond. In pre-contact society, tapu was one of the strongest forces in Māori life. Look it up now! However, a growing number of products are referencing traditional Māori art and design, both in New Zealand and overseas. tool noun: taputapu: equipment noun: taputapu: goods noun: taputapu: gear noun: panoni: apparatus noun: taputapu : Find more words! While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. Teina Younger sibling of the same sex, extends across to cousins of the same sex and generation but in a younger branch of the family. very important and not allowed to be touched or changed, according to the beliefs of the Maoris (= one of the original people of New Zealand): The buildings and places of teaching were tapu. Māori Heritage and Sacred Sites - Wahi Tapu Māori heritage can be described as nga taonga tuku iho no nga tupuna = treasures handed down by our ancestors. Some Māori words and concepts can be translated into English without causing offence. It lifts the ‘tapu’ from the person or the object. A manaia provides spiritual guidance and strength. There are many things that we have little influence over, we must learn to live with these things and to respect them. It symbolises new beginnings, growth and harmony. Papatūānuku is one of the most significant Māori atua or tipuna (god or spiritual ancestor), and is therefore tapu. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. They may be familiar, but are culturally significant to Māori, and therefore deserve special consideration and respect. The concept exists in many societies, including traditional Fijian, Māori, Samoan, Kiribati, Rapanui, Tahitian, Hawaiian, and Tongan cultures, in most cases using a recognisably similar word, though the Rotuman term for this concept is "ha'a". Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand. Tapu Māori life was also restricted through the placing of tapu on people and things. The hei matau or fish hook depicts abundance, strength and determination. Also, intellectual property rights are owned by individuals or an identifiable commercial entity, whereas traditional knowledge belongs to a collective group, and may have developed over centuries. Tapu. No matter how familiar you are with Māori culture, it is worthwhile spending some time researching the cultural significance of your proposed intellectual property. La Tapu (Sacred Sail) The basic shape is that of a Pacific canoe sail. More meanings for taputapu. Conclusions: Wairua (spiritual) problems can resemble psychiatric disorders or symptoms. Tauranga waka Landing place of waka. Māori scholar Te Rangi Hīroa (Peter Buck) suggested that the term derives from tohu, meaning to guide or direct. Ngāpuhi elder Māori Marsden suggested tohunga comes from an alternative meaning of tohu (sign or manifestation), so tohunga means chosen or appointed one. Part of this study includes learning tikanga, or the ‘right’ way to do things. A new house today, for example, may have a noa ceremony to remove the tapu, in order to make the home safe before the family moves in. Tapu is often described or framed as meaning ‘sacred’, and indeed many aspects of tapu might be considered as such. Māori heritage can be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga (priests) to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 03:02. Being Māori still has meaning for a Māori person today, and one way of expressing that meaning is through Māori philosophy. These historical examples of inappropriate inference would not be acceptable today for many reasons, including the combining of noa and tapu: Images from Well Made New Zealand: a Century of Trademarks. If an intellectual property application goes to a Māori Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a role in their assessment. In Māori and Tongan tradition, something that is tapu is considered inviolable or sacrosanct. For example, the word ‘kuia’ could be translated as ‘grandmother’. 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